An epilation is a cosmetic procedure for lasting hair removal. Skin remains smooth longer, as the hairs are pulled out from the follicles and it takes more time to regrow.
Over the centuries, hair removal was associated with social habits and cultural and religious values. So while the ancient Egyptians, Romans and Greeks used to remove hair from various parts of the body, including the head, to demonstrate high status in society, in the Middle Ages, emphasis was on the face and the body remained natural.
Although hair removal is enshrined in the culture of many civilizations since ancient times, the epilation as a method appeared only in the 18th century. Probably, the only epilation tools known to ancient people were the tweezers and the wax prototypes made from various natural ingredients, cat urine and vinegar.
In 1760, the French barber Jean-Jacques Perret invented the first razor for men. A similar tool had already appeared at the beginning of the century, but it caused injuries. The new instrument was provided with a metal fuse on the edge of the blade, which protected the skin from cuts.
In 1880, the traveler - inventor King Gillette created the first razor with replaceable blades and thus he made a real breakthrough. The invention was officially presented to the market after more than two decades of elaboration with American technologies. In 1915, "Milady Decollete" - the first razor designed especially for women, appeared.
At that time, depilatory creams have already captured the attention of consumers, but the need for long-lasting hair removal remained a challenge for the inventors. So, in 1931, Jacob Schick introduced the first electric shaver, and in 1940, the first one for women was produced. The electric razors became extremely popular among the public because they didn’t irritate the skin, as other tools.
In the 1960s, the wax strips were invented and rapidly became a preferred method for hair removal of armpits and legs. In the middle of the decade a laser was used for the first time as hair removal method. However, it was prohibited because it was dangerous to the skin. Several years later, another hair removal method – the electrolysis was officially approved. It removed the hair from the follicle using a weak electric charge.
About 20 years later, a real technological revolution in the field of hair removal took place. In 1984, the sugaring was promoted – a method that has been in use since the time of Cleopatra. It worked on the principle of waxing, but was less painful and irritating, as the formula, containing a solution of sugar, lemon juice and honey, did not stick to the skin and affected directly the follicles.
In 1986, an Israeli company released "Epilady" on the market - the first electric device pulling the hairs out from the roots. Although it was painful because of the exposed rotating plates acting on the principle of tweezers, the epilator gained international success. 10 years later another model, now with disk-operated head minimizing the discomfort, appeared.
In 1997, the laser hair removal returned, this time with shorter wavelength of radiation, which was already harmless to the skin.
Today, all hair removal methods are developed to cause minimal irritation to the skin and at the same time to leave the epilated areas of the face and the body silky smooth and soft for a long period of time. There are varieties of models, even for the most delicate and smallest body areas, and appropriate cosmetic products for soothing the skin after hair removal.