The shampoo is the most popular hair care product. Thanks to the active ingredients in its formula, it removes the accumulated in the hair dirt, excessive sebum, skin flakes and harmful elements, leaving a clean and fresh sensation.
The shampoo became popular in 1762 in India as a product for head massage containing natural oils. It was later brought to the United Kingdom in the form of therapeutic spa procedure.
The use of the shampoo as a cleansing formula for hair began in the middle of the 19th century, after it was found that the previously used combination of plain soap, essential oils and perfume left the hair dirty, lusterless and devoid of its natural fat, and the scalp - sensitive and itchy.
Initially, shampoo’s formula was made from boiled shaving soap and herbs and aimed to give the hair shine and fragrance. Gradually, it underwent changes to adapt to the specific needs of the consumers.
The mass use of shampoo began in the early 20th century in the form of water-soluble powder. Then, the liquid formulation appeared, as well as the first one with balanced Ph. In the 1950s, the first modern soap-free formula was produced. In 1963, an anti-dandruff shampoo was invented for the first time.
Today, there are numerous varieties of shampoos in the trade network. They are consistent with the personal preferences for flavor and packages, and the individual features of hair and scalp. Some are intended for specific problems - dandruff, hair loss, excessive oiliness or dryness of the scalp, others combine shampoo and conditioner, while third are universal. Some shampoos are enriched with plant extracts, vitamins and restructuring agents in addition to the active ingredients.