A toothbrush is an oral hygiene instrument, cleaning teeth from food and plaque and stimulating blood circulation of gums. According to archaeological studies, it has been used in India and Africa since 1600 BC. In 2003, toothbrush topped the list of necessaries in Americans’ life.
The first bristle toothbrushes appeared in China in the 7th century, and introduced to Europe through travelers in the 17th century. It is believed that French dentists were the first to recommend toothbrushes for everyday use. In 1780, the Englishman William Addis invented the first mass production toothbrush model.
The first patent for a toothbrush was granted in 1857 in the United States, but extensive production in the country started only in 1885. However, it became popular in dental care after the Second World War, when soldiers were faced with strict discipline in the army and had to clean their teeth daily.
Toothbrush, as we know it today - with nylon fibers, was invented in 1938 by the American chemical company DuPont. Previously, toothbrushes made of horse or pig bristle were mainly used.
In 1939, in Switzerland, the first electric toothbrush appeared. Such toothbrushes were released in the American market in 1960. The first ones designed for home use and using circular movements were invented in 1987.
There is a wide variety of toothbrushes in the market today, adjusted for individual dental needs. They offer silver ions, polishing bundles or different hardness of fibers. Some toothbrushes have multifunctional cleaning system or ergonomic heads, while others are powered by electricity.