Men or women suffer more often from acne?
Very few are the lucky ones, who have never faced the most widespread dermatological problems in the world - the acne. Therefore, it is probably unnecessary to define it. But perhaps not everyone is aware that it exists in several forms with varying degrees of intensity. The causes of this disease and the deteriorating factors are also numerous and their list is most likely far from exhaustive.
Although often referred to as "teenage pimples”, acne does not comply with age limits and threatens even babies and adults. This health issue is typical of both men and women, but there are theories that it expresses special "preference" to one of the two sexes.
Some medical experts share their observations about the higher percentage of boys suffering from acne. Moreover, they suffer with greater intensity and duration. Experts are trying to explain this phenomenon with the fact that the sebaceous glands are highly sensitive to the amount of the sex hormone testosterone, which is higher in men and rises sharply in puberty.
It seems, however, that the situation changes with age and the scales tilt to the detriment of women. In 2008, a team of doctors published a report of a study on the subject in the scientific journal of the American Academy of Dermatology. More than 1000 volunteers from 20 to 50+ years of age took part in the study, which results show that women are more likely to develop acne than men. What's more, the risk for them increases with age. While the percentage of 20-year-old women suffering from the problem is minimal compared to their male coevals, the number doubles after the age of 40.
At first glance, the study is quite significant, but as it was in the form of a survey based on the self-evaluation of participants, the results are not unanimously accepted in the scientific circles.
Other dermatologists believe that men are more prone to acne and try to prove their claim with the peculiarities of their skin. Increased facial and body hair, larger pores, greater amounts of sweat and sebum, the doctors explain, are all prerequisites for emergence of inflammations. Of course, there are more moderate theories, according to which gentlemen are again more predisposed, but this time, only to certain forms of acne - conglobata and inverse.
And while some experts consider the acne more dangerous for women, others - for men, there is a third group that insists that gender does not matter. According to the supporters of the "golden mean", we should pay attention to the real factors affecting the problem. These are mainly genetic predispositions, hormonal changes, the presence of certain health conditions (mostly gynecological, endocrine and gastrointestinal), medications, inappropriate use of cosmetic products, quantity of produced sebum, mechanical friction on a section of the skin ... So, after an overview of the causes, it can be concluded that they are completely "universal" for both sexes.