The most common causes of swelling of the face because of a tooth
The Bulgarians are the Europeans with the poorest dental health. And this is not accidental, having in mind the disturbing statistic that only one third of the population in the country brush their teeth daily. We often postpone the visit to the dentist until the pain becomes intolerable. But in this way we risk not only losing the damaged tooth, but also to provoke more serious complications of vital organs, such as the heart and the kidneys.
- Poor oral hygiene is the main cause of painful swelling of the gums, cheeks or even throat. It is an infection caused by untreated timely caries or gingivitis. The bacteria responsible for the emergence of caries begin to spread outside of it, covering the soft tissues, and sometimes the jaw. The result is the appearance of swelling, redness, pain. It is possible a bag full of pus to form in the affected area. Often, the condition flares up so much that symptoms like fatigue, fever, chills, nausea and vomiting also appear. And if the swelling spreads to the throat, one may have difficulties breathing due to blockage of the airway.
- Besides maintaining an excellent oral hygiene, the general health of the person is also extremely important, as the strong immune system will not allow infections. In the presence of inflammation outside of the oral cavity, pathogens can easily reach it through the blood and lymph and can cause swelling in vulnerable areas - problematic gums, crowns, bridges and tooth decay. This two-way relationship between dental health and the health of other organs and systems in the body requires much more responsibility and attentiveness. People whose body is with permanently weakened defenses due to autoimmune diseases, diabetes or chemotherapy should pay particular attention to the teeth and gums to prevent in time infections causing swelling.
- Sometimes, the emergence of edema is associated with a recent dental treatment - tooth extraction, implant placement or other foreign to the body. In such cases, the culprit for the swelling is most often a trauma inflicted on the respective tissue, but subsequent contamination with bacteria is also not excluded.
- Not least, of course, we need to be careful with the products we consume. Too sweet, sour, hot or cold foods increase the risk of caries, and respectively of edema resulting from bacteria coming from it. Very hard foods, on the other hand, can cause swelling of the gums in a purely mechanical way.
Whatever the cause for the edema is, it is necessary to immediately seek the help of a specialist to stop further spread of the infection. No matter whether you’ve had the unfortunate luck to have a swelling or you are among the lucky ones who have not experienced this discomfort, keep in mind that regular check-ups and good oral hygiene are the only salvation from emergency visits to the dentist.
It is useful to brush our teeth and tongue with toothpaste every morning and evening, and if possible after each meal. We should not neglect the cleanliness of the spaces between the teeth, where most of the food residues accumulate and begin to rot. Dental floss and mouthwash are indispensable helpers for sanitation of those hard to reach places.