UVA and UVB rays and children's skin
We are sure that as a loving parent you take painstaking care to keep the skin of your child healthy and baby soft. But do you pay enough attention to sun protection? Do you observe the rule to apply it even in the colder months, when there is no sun? If you do, congratulations! But if not, you better find out what damage can cause sun to the skin of your child. Even through the clouds. Even in the winter.
The sun emits basically two types of rays - UVA and UVB. Knowing the differences between them and the ways they damage the skin, is essential when choosing and using a sunscreen.
UVB rays are those, we most often protect ourselves from, hiding in the shade or applying sunscreen. They affect the outer layer of the skin, causing the unpleasant redness and burns, contribute to the formation of the so cherished tan and play a key role in photoaging and the development of skin cancer. But actually, they didn’t really cause the last two or even three conditions.
Responsible for them are the other, longer rays - UVA, which are the main source of ultraviolet radiation in the atmosphere. The favorite of many people, solariums also emit such rays. UVA penetrate through any partitions and attack the cells in depth, damaging their DNA, including the keratinocytes (the largest number of cells constituting the epidermis) in the basal layer of the skin (the closest to the dermis), where usually begins the development of cancer. As a result, starts a kind of mutation in the cell structure, which leads to wrinkles, premature aging and pigmentation.
Another significant difference between the two types of rays is that UVB rays are most active between 10 and 16 pm, mainly in the warmer months (April-October), while UVA rays damage the skin all day long throughout the year, even in cloudy days. Together, the both types of rays damage the skin even more, as well as at higher altitude.
For this reason, avoiding the sun during the peak hours and covering your children's skin with clothes and accessories is not enough. The regular use of specialized sunscreen formulas, designed to provide maximum protection and prevention of UVB / UVA rays is needed too. Select the trademark you trust.